The BIA and the Wild West Show
September 24, 1878 | Newspaper | Washington Post
THE INDIAN ACTORS.
News report explains that the Commissioner of Indian Affairs demands that William F. Cody return Pawnee Indians to their reservation because they left without permission. The Commissioner revoked his order after meeting with Cody and confirming that the Show Indians were being treated well.
March 27, 1890 | Periodical | Friends' Review
An editorial in Friends' Review criticizes the government granting the use of Native Americans to the Wild West Show.
June 16, 1890 | Newspaper | Wheeling Register
Don't Agree With Them.
Newspaper report notes that Kill His Pony and other Show Indians, upon returning to the United States after touring Europe, were injured or in poor condition.
August 5, 1890 | Newspaper | Washington Post
Buffalo Bill's Wild West Indians.
A brief news story notes that Native American performers have been making complaints about their treatment in the Wild West Show.
November 11, 1890 | Newspaper | Aberdeen Daily News
News story discusses Painted Horse, who charges William F. Cody and Dr. Carver with abuse while touring in Europe.
November 11, 1890 | Newspaper | Philadelphia Inquirer
SHOW INDIANS BADLY ABUSED
News story reports that Painted Horse and Eagle Head charge the Wild West Show with abuse.
March 4, 1891 | Newspaper | New York Times
COL. CODY GETS HIS INDIANS.
A news report explaining that William F. Cody is returning from Europe to take Indians to Washington D.C. to demonstrate to Indian Commissioner Thomas Jefferson Morgan that rumors of abuse and neglect are unfounded.
February 28, 1894 | Letter
William F. Cody to Charles Penney, February 28, 1894
William F. Cody writes to Charles Penney informing him about Cody's acquiring of permission to use Indians in the Wild West Show.
March 17, 1894 | Letter
William F. Cody to Charles Penney, March 17, 1894
William F. Cody writes to Charles Penney explaining that 500 contracts are being drawn up for Indian performers and that he will take possession of them towards the end of April.
July 9, 1899 | Letter
Acting Indian Agent to William A. Jones, July 9, 1899
In a communique to the Office of Indian Affairs, an Acting Indian Agent writes to Indian Commissioner William Jones advising against allowing William Cody the use of Indians for the Wild West Show on the grounds that the Show serves as a negative influence upon acculturation efforts. He also argues that whites likewise do not benefit from the Show because it perpetuates the wrong impression of Indians.
November 4, 1899 | Periodical | The Friend
The Indians and Our Civilization.
An editorial piece in The Friend describes the methods of "civilizing" Native Americans.
December 25, 1899 | Newspaper | Duluth News
Cody Combats Jones.
Newspaper report tells about William F. Cody's insistence that the Wild West Shows do not contribute to "demoralized" Indians and his plans to meet with Indian Commissioner William A. Jones to present his case.
December 25, 1899 | Newspaper | The Sun
COL. CODY WANTS HIS INDIANS
Media story discusses William F. Cody's attempts to convince the Bureau of Indian Affairs that Indian participation in the Wild West Show is a better method of introducing civilization to American Indians rather than confining them to reservations.
December 26, 1899 | Newspaper | Aberdeen Daily News
Buffalo Bill Will Protest
News story discusses William F. Cody's passage through Omaha en route for Washington, D.C., where he plans to meet with the Indian Commissioner and protest a ban on Indians leaving reservations for Wild West Show purposes.
December 27, 1899 | Letter
William F. Cody to Mike Russell, December 27, 1899
William F. Cody writes to his good friend Mike Russell complaining about the current Commissioner of Indian Affairs, who is refusing to allow Cody to recruit Indians to be under his employment for the Wild West Show.
December 29, 1899 | Newspaper | Washington Post
BUFFALO BILL ENTERS PROTEST
Newspaper story discusses William F. Cody's complaints against the government's prohibition of using Indians in Wild West Shows and exhibitions. Indian Commissioner William A. Jones says that shows promote demoralizing tendencies and work against progress.
June 29, 1900 | Newspaper | New York Times
A Buffalo Bill Indian Dead.
Newspaper report discussing the death of Man Afraid of Hawk and the illness of Eagle Bear, both members of the Wild West Show.
February 21, 1901 | Newspaper | New York Times
INDIANS IN THE WILD WEST SHOW
Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Vestibulum tortor quam, feugiat vitae, ultricies eget, tempor sit amet, ante. Donec eu libero sit amet quam egestas semper. Aenean ultricies mi vitae est. Mauris placerat eleifend leo.
April 8, 1904 | Newspaper | Omaha World Herald
SIOUX INDIANS DIE IN THE RAILROAD WRECK
Media story reports on a train wreck outside Melrose Park, Illinois, in which the train car carrying Show Indians was rear–ended and resulted in several injuries and deaths.
May 27, 1904 | Letter
Iron Tail to John Brennan, May 27, 1904
Iron Tail writes to Pine Ridge Agent John Brennan informing him that he is being treated well during his time with the Show and asks Brennan to hold his earnings sent to the reservation until he returns.
May 27, 1904 | Letter
William F. Cody to John Brennan, May 27, 1904
William F. Cody writes to Pine Ridge Agent John Brennan to inform him that two Indians are returning to the reservation with complaints of lung trouble.
November 27, 1906 | Newspaper | Kansas City Star
EASY TO CARE FOR 100 INDIANS.
Newspaper report speaks with William McCune, who is in charge of recruiting Indians for the Wild West Show, and discusses how the Show manages Indians under their employ.
December 23, 1911 | Letter
Various Indians to Howard Taft, December 23, 1911
Various Native American performers write to President Howard Taft implore the President to deny William F. Cody access to Indian performers.
January 20, 1912 | Letter
Assistant Commissioner to Red Cloud, et. al.
The Assistant Commissioner of Indian Affairs writes to Red Cloud and others responding to their letter to President Taft about the death of Good Lance's son, who was on tour with the Show.
December 8, 1913 | Letter
C. Kauke to John Brennan, December 8, 1913
C. Kauke writes to Pine Ridge Agent John Brennan informing him about salaries due to Indian performers.